20. Bejaria Mutis ex Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 152, 242. 1771.
Rose of the Andes [For José Béjar, eighteenth-century professor of surgery at Cádiz, Spain] Rose of the Andes [For José Béjar, eighteenth-century professor of surgery at Cádiz, Spain]
Steven E. Clemants
Shrubs [trees]. Stems erect; twigs glabrous. Leaves persistent, alternate, (reduced in size proximal to inflorescence); petiole present; blade chartaceous [coriaceous], margins entire. Inflorescences terminal racemes or panicles, 2-5-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary; perulae absent. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals  7, connate for 1/2 their lengths; petals [5-]7, distinct, (covered with sticky exudate), corolla deciduous, rotate; stamens  14, included; anthers without awns, dehiscent by terminal pores; ovary [5-]7-locular; style barely exserted; stigma 7-lobed [capitate]. Fruits capsular, depressed-oblong, dehiscence septicidal. Seeds ca. 100-300, ellipsoid [oblong], without wings, with very short tail; testa long-celled reticulate.
Species 15 (1 in the flora): se United States, Mexico, West Indies (Cuba), Central America, South America.
Bejaria is widespread in Latin America, where it is an important component of the subparamo flora. Bejaria racemosa is placed in the monotypic section Racemosae Fendchenko & Basilevskaja because of its chartaceous leaves without prominent abaxial midveins and the inflorescence that appears stalked because of the marked reduction in leaf size below the inflorescence. The original spelling, Befaria, has been shown to be an orthographic error.
SELECTED REFERENCES Clemants, S. E. 1995. Bejaria. In: Organization for Flora Neotropica. 1968+. Flora Neotropica. 98+ nos. New York. No. 66, pp. 54-106. Fedtschenko, B. A. and N. A. Basilevskaja. 1928. Revision of the genus Bejaria Mutis. Bot. Gaz. 85: 299-322. Mansfeld, R. and H. Sleumer. 1935. Revision der Gattung Befaria Mutis. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 235-276.