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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Calycanthaceae

1. Calycanthus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 1066. 1759.

Strawberry-shrub, sweetshrub, spicebush [Greek kályx, covering, cup, and anthos, flower]

Butneria Duhamel

Twigs quadrangular to nearly terete, pubescent to glabrous. Buds naked. Leaves 2-ranked. Leaf blade elliptic, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate; surfaces adaxially scabrous. Flowers maroon or reddish brown, rarely greenish or green-tipped, with strawberry or pineapple scent. x = 11.

Species 3 (2 in the flora): temperate North America.

1 Tepals oblong-elliptic to obovate-lanceolate, apex acute; stamens 10--20, oblong; mature hypanthium cylindric, ellipsoid, pyriform, or globose; lateral bud partially hidden by petiole base; e North America.   1 Calycanthus floridus
+ Tepals linear to linear-spatulate or ovate-elliptic, apex rounded; stamens 10--15, linear to oblong-linear; mature hypanthium campanulate; lateral bud exposed; California.   2 Calycanthus occidentalis

Lower Taxa


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