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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Orchidaceae

48. Campylocentrum Bentham, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 337. 1881.

[Greek kampylos, crooked, and kentros, spur, alluding to the floral lip with a long, slender, sharply curved spur]

James D. Ackerman

Todaroa A. Richard & Galeotti, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 3: 28. 1845, not Parlatore 1843

Herbs, epiphytic, monopodial. Roots velamentous, glabrous. Stems rhizomatous, very reduced [elongate]. Leaves early deciduous (“leafless species”), articulate, minute [persistent, distichous, leathery]. Inflorescences axillary, spikes [racemes], often secund. Flowers more than 12, distichous, resupinate [not resupinate], small to minute; sepals and petals connivent with spreading apices, distinct; lip distinct and free, basally spurred, margins entire or lobed; column very short; clinandrium prominent, truncate; anther terminal, operculate; pollinia 2, globose, waxy, hard, attached to 1 or 2 filiform stipes; stigma entire; rostellum deeply notched; ovary sessile [pedicellate]. Fruits capsules.

Species 40–45 (1 in the flora): North America, Mexico, West Indies, Central America, tropical South America.


Todzia, C. A. 1980. A revision of the Costa Rican species of Campylocentrum (Orchidaceae). Brenesia 18: 117–136.

Lower Taxon


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