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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Lauraceae

9. Cassytha Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 35. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 22, 1754.

[Greek kasytas, name for Cuscuta ]

Henk van der Werff

Vines , parasitic, with threadlike stems. Leaves reduced to minute scales, spirally arranged, glabrous or pubescent. Inflorescences spikes [panicles or racemes], rarely reduced to single flower. Flowers bisexual, sessile or shortly pedicellate, subtended by bract and 2 bracteoles; tepals persistent at apex of accrescent floral tube that surrounds fruit, greenish white or whitish, outermost row similar to bracts, innermost row larger; stamens 9 (or 6), anthers 2-locular, anthers of outer 6 stamens introrse, of inner 3 extrorse; staminodes 3 (or 6); ovary globose. Drupe black, globose, enclosed in floral tube, remnants of perianth apical.

Species ca. 17 (1 in the flora): tropical and subtropical regions, North America, mostly Australia, a few in Africa.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Weber, J. L. 1981. A taxonomic revision of Cassytha (Lauraceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 3(3): 187-262.

Lower Taxon


 

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