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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 6 | Malvaceae

21. Cienfuegosia Cavanilles, Diss. 2 [app.]: [vi]. 1786.

[For Bernardo Cienfuegos, ca. 1580–ca. 1640, Spanish botanist] [For Bernardo Cienfuegos, ca. 1580–ca. 1640, Spanish botanist]

Paul A. Fryxell

Steven R. Hill

Herbs or subshrubs [shrubs], perennial. Stems decumbent or ascending to erect, glabrous or hairy, not viscid. Leaves: stipules persistent, subulate or lanceolate [foliaceous]; blade narrowly oblong-lanceolate or ovate to elliptic, unlobed [lobed], margins entire or serrate. or rotate, yellow, with or without dark center; staminal column included; ovary 3–5-carpellate; style usually connate to apex; stigmas connate, 3–5-lobed, clavate [capitate]. Fruits capsules, erect, not inflated, ovoid, papery, glabrous or hairy. Seeds 2–5 per locule, hairy. x = 10.

Species 26 (2 in the flora): sc, se United States, Mexico, Central America, West Indies, South America (to Argentina), sw Asia (Arabian Peninsula), Africa.

SELECTED REFERENCES Fryxell, P. A. 1969. The genus Cienfuegosia Cav. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 56: 179–250. Karpovickas, A. 2003. Las especies Austroamericanas del género Cienfuegosia Cav. (Malvaceae-Gossypieae). Bonplandia (Corrientes) 12: 5–47.

1 Leaf blades ovate to elliptic, length ca. 1.5 times width, margins coarsely serrate; corolla 1.5–3.5 cm, campanulate, usually dark red proximally; involucellar bracts 6–14 mm, lanceolate to spatulate; stigmas 4 or 5, dark red; capsules 8–14 mm, 4 or 5-locular, glabrous on internal suture.   1 Cienfuegosia drummondii
+ Leaf blades narrowly oblong-lanceolate, length 4–10 times width, margins entire; corolla 1–2 cm, rotate, not dark proximally; involucellar bracts 0.5–2 mm, subulate; stigmas 3, pallid; capsules 6–8 mm, 3-locular, copiously ciliate on internal suture.   2 Cienfuegosia yucatanensis

Lower Taxa


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