3. Fremontodendron Coville, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 4: 74. 1893.
[For John Charles Frémont, 1813–1890, U.S. military explorer and politician, and Greek dendron, tree] [For John Charles Frémont, 1813–1890, U.S. military explorer and politician, and Greek dendron, tree]
John L. Strother
Fremontia Torrey, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 4: 191. 1851, not Torrey 1843 [Chenopodiaceae]
Shrubs or trees to 100 dm. Leaves stipulate (stipules caducous); blade usually palmately lobed, base cuneate to rounded or cordate, surfaces hairy, hairs mostly stellate, (1–)3–7-veined from base. Inflorescences flowers solitary, (usually supra-axillary). Flowers: epicalyx caducous; sepals coppery, orange, or yellow, sometimes with red, weakly imbricate or valvate, adaxially glandular or pitted near base, apex often apiculate to attenuate; filament bases connate to 1/2 their lengths; ovary sessile, carpels (4–)5, connate; styles 1; stigmas 1. Capsules 4–5-locular, usually densely hairy abaxially. Seeds 2–3 per locule, often carunculate.
Species 3 (3 in the flora): sw United States, nw Mexico.
SELECTED REFERENCES Kelman, W. M. 1991. A revision of Fremontodendron (Sterculiaceae). Syst. Bot. 16: 3–20. Kelman, W. M. et al. 2006. Genetic relationships among Fremontodendron (Sterculiaceae) populations of the central Sierra Nevada foothills of California. Madroño 53: 380–387.