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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Santalaceae

2. Santalum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 349. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 165. 1754.

Sandalwood [Greek santalon, derived from Sanskrit chandana, fragrant] Sandalwood [Greek santalon, derived from Sanskrit chandana, fragrant]

Trees [shrubs], evergreen, synoecious. Stems glabrous. Leaves: petiole well developed. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, thyrses [cymes, racemes, umbels]. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual; perianth and androecium perigynous [epigynous]; hypanthium campanulate [very short, funnelform, cylindric]; petals 4; nectary lining hypanthium, lobed distally; stamens 4, with hairs at filament base; ovary 1/2-inferior to almost superior [inferior], 1-locular; ovules 2–4; styles long, cylindric [short]; stigmas 3-lobed. Pseudodrupes rimmed by circular collar (scar or perianth remnants) at apex. x = 10.

Species 15 (1 in the flora): introduced, Florida; Asia (Indonesia), Pacific Islands (Papua New Guinea), Australia; introduced also elsewhere in Asia (India).

Lower Taxon


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