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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 10 | Combretaceae | Terminalia

1. Terminalia catappa Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 12. 2: 674. 1767; Mant. Pl. 1: 128. 1767.
[F I]

West Indian or Indian or tropical almond

Trees or shrubs to 20(–35) m; branches without thorns. Leaves persistent or tardily deciduous (then turning red and plants briefly leafless); petioles 5–28 mm; blade obovate, 6–35 × 2.6–16.5 cm, base narrowly cuneate to rounded or narrowly and obscurely cordate, apex acu­minate or short-acuminate to obtuse or rounded, surfaces glabrate to moderately pubescent abaxially, midvein and secondary veins sparsely to densely pubescent, with nectar glands near base, glabrous or glabrate adaxially, midvein densely to sparsely pubes­cent, at least basally; with pit-domatia at junction of secondary and tertiary veins with midvein, or junction of tertiary with secondary veins, or other vein junctions. Spikes 5–25 cm, with bisexual flowers proximally, staminate flowers distally. Flowers 5-merous, bisexual and staminate; free portion of hypanthium 1–2 mm; sepals 1–2.8 mm; stamens 3–4.5 mm; style 3.5–4 mm. Drupes green or red, slightly flattened, ovoid to ellip­soid, 35–70 × 20–50 mm, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; with 2 well-developed ridges or wings; hypanthium and calyx deciduous in age.

Flowering spring–summer. Disturbed habitats, especially near coast; 0–10 m; introduced; Fla.; Asia; Pacific Islands; n Australia; introduced also widely in Neotropics.

Terminalia catappa is commonly used as an ornamental tree in southern Florida, and has naturalized in Brevard, Broward, and Miami-Dade counties.


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