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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Zingiberaceae | Alpinia

1. Alpinia zerumbet (Persoon) B. L. Burtt & R. M. Smith, Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. 31: 204. 1972.


Costus zerumbet Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 3. 1805; Languas speciosum (J. C. Wendland) Small; Zerumbet speciosum J. C. Wendland

Leaf blade lanceolate to narrowly elliptical, (20--)33--67 ´ (3--)7.5--11 cm. Inflorescences drooping, 15--30 ´ 6--10 cm; stalks of cincinni 0.3--3 cm, bracteoles sheathing, white proximally, pink distally. Flowers: lip yellow with red penciling, perianth and staminodes otherwise white or pink.

Flowering spring--summer (May--Sep). Disturbed hammocks and thickets; 0--30 m; introduced; Fla.; Central America; South America; native, Asia.

Alpinia zerumbet is commonly cultivated, but rarely escapes. The illegitimate name Alpinia speciosa (J. C. Wendland) K. Schumann and Hollrung 1887 [(not A. speciosa (Blume) D. Dietrich 1839]) has often been used for this species.


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