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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Juncaceae | Juncus

67. Juncus brachycephalus (Engelmann) Buchenau, Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. 12: 268. 1890.

Juncus canadensis J. Gay ex Laharpe var. brachycephalus Engelmann, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 474. 1868

Herbs, perennial, cespitose, 2--7 dm. Culms erect, 1--4 mm diam., smooth. Cataphylls 1--2, straw-colored to pink, apex acute. Leaves: basal 1--3, cauline 1--2; auricles 0.6--1.5 mm, apex rounded, scarious; blade terete to compressed, 0.2--12 cm x 0.5--2 mm. Inflorescences panicles of 5--80 heads, 5--25 cm, branches ascending; primary bract erect; heads 2--6-flowered, ellipsoid to obovoid, 2--5 mm diam. Flowers: tepals green to light brown, lanceolate; outer tepals 1.8--2.5 mm, apex obtuse to nearly acute; inner tepals 2--2.8 mm, apex obtuse to nearly acute; stamens 3 or 6, anthers 1/2 filament length. Capsules exserted, chestnut to dark brown, imperfectly 3-locular, obconic, 2.4--3.8 mm, apex acute proximal to beak, valves separating at dehiscence. . Seeds ellipsoid to fusiform, 0.8--1.2 mm, tailed; body covered with whitish translucent veil. 2n = 80.

Fruiting summer--early fall. Calcareous marshes, wet meadows, and wetland shores; 100--200 m; N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Ala., Colo., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., , Pa., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


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