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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Juncaceae | Juncus

15. Juncus gerardii Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, J. Bot. (Desvaux). 2: 284. 1809.

Juncus bulbosus Linnaeus var. gerardii (Loiseleur-Deslongchamps) A. Gray; J. fucensis H. St. John; J. gerardii var. pedicellatus Fernald

Herbs, perennial, 2--9 dm. Rhizomes long- creeping. Cataphylls 1--3. Leaves basal, (1--)2--4; auricles 0.4--0.6(--0.8) mm, scarious; blade flat or somewhat channeled,,10--40 cm x  0.4--0.7 mm, margins entire. Inflorescences 10--30(--80)-flowered, usually loose and somewhat lax, 2--16 cm; primary bract rarely surpassing inflorescence. Flowers: bracteoles 2; tepals dark brown or blackish, lanceolate-ovate to oblong, 2.6--3.2(--3.8) mm; inner and outer series nearly equal, apex obtuse; stamens 6, filaments 0.4--0.7 mm, anthers 1.1--1.6(--1.8) mm; style 0.4 mm. Capsules chestnut brown or brown, 3-locular, widely ellipsoid, (2.2--)2.5--3.2(--3.5) x 1.3 -- 1.9 mm. Seeds dark brown, ellipsoid to lunate, 0.485--0.6(--0.67) mm, not tailed. 2n = ca. 80, 84.

Flowering and fruiting late spring--summer. Forming extensive colonies in exposed coastal estuary meadows and salt marshes just above high- tide line; also inland; Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Oreg., P.E.I., Que.; Colo., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., Mont., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., Wis.; Europe; Asia.


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