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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Arecaceae | Sabal

1. Sabal etonia Swingle ex Nash, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 23: 99. 1896.

Scrub palmetto, dwarf palmetto

Sabal adansonii Guersent var. megacarpa Chapman; S. megacarpa (Chapman) Small

Stems usually subterranean. Leaves 4--7, yellow-green, strongly costapalmate, curved, bearing fibers between segments; hastula narrowly triangular, 1.6--3.3 cm; segments 35--64 ´ 1.3--3.1 cm; apices bifid2-cleft. Inflorescences bushy and compact, densely branched with 2 orders of branching (not counting main inflorescence axis), ascending, about as ± long as leaves. Flowers 4.9--6.1 mm. Fruits brownish black, oblate-spheroid, length 8.5--13.1 mm, diam. diam. 9--15.4 mm diam.; mesocarp thick, fleshy. Seeds 5.4--6.7 mm, diam. 6.4--9.9 mm. diam.

Flowering spring--summer. Deep white sand in sand pine scrub; 10--50 m; Fla.

Sabal etonia is found in the deep white sand of sand pine (Pinus clausa) scrub communities of the Central Florida Ridge and the Atlantic Coastal Ridge (S. Zona and W. S. Judd 1986). The habitat of S. etonia is under pressure from both agriculture and urbanization, but fortunately vast tracts are preserved in the Ocala National Forest.


Zona, S. 1987. Phenology and pollination biology of Sabal etonia (Palmae) in southeastern Florida. Principes 31: 177--182. Zona, S. and W. S. Judd. 1986. Sabal etonia (Palmae): Systematics, distribution, ecology, and comparisons to other Florida scrub endemics. Sida 11: 417--427.


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