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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Alismataceae | Sagittaria

22. Sagittaria brevirostra Mackenzie & Bush, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 16:102. 1905.

Midwestern arrowhead

Sagittaria engelmanniana J. G. Smith subsp. brevirostra (Mackenzie & Bush) Bogin

Herbs, perennial, to 70 cm; rhizomes absent; stolons present; corms present. Leaves emersed; petiole terete-ridged, to 39 cm; blades sagittate, 5--20 ´ 2--8 cm, basal lobes equal to or less than remainder of blade. Inflorescences racemes or panicles, of 5--12 whorls, emersed, 25--30 ´ 6--15 cm; peduncles to 45 cm; bracts distinct or if connate, then less than ¼ total length, long-acuminate, 10--40 mm, firm, not papillose; fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, cylindric, 1--2.5 cm. Flowers to 3.5 cm diam.; sepals recurved to spreading, not enclosing flower; filaments cylindric, longer than anthers, glabrous; pistillate pedicellate, without ring of sterile stamens. Fruiting heads (1.2--)1.5--2.5 cm diam.; achenes cuneate-obovoid, without abaxial keel, 2.1--3.1 ´ 1.4--2.2 mm, beaked; faces ??, wings 0--2, ± entire, glands absent; beak lateral, ascending apically, 0.4--1.7 mm. missing datum is whether faces are tuberculate or not; if datum is not easily available, change wording to near-original "faces with 0--2 wings."

Flowering summer (Jul--Sep). Slightly basic to slightly acidic to alkaline waters of ponds, lakes, and swamps; 100--—1800 m; Sask.; Ala., Ark., Calif., Colo., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., S.Dak., Tex., Va., Wis.


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