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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pteridaceae | Pellaea

12b. Pellaea glabella subsp. simplex (Butters) A. Löve & D. Löve, Taxon. 26: 325. 1977.

Pellaea glabella var. simplex Butters, Amer. Fern J. 7: 84. 1917; P. atropurpurea (Linnaeus) Link var. simplex (Butters) C. V. Morton; P. occidentalis (E. E. Nelson) Rydberg subsp. simplex (Butters) Gastony; P. suksdorfiana Butters

Ultimate segments essentially glabrous; sporangia containing 32 spores; spores averaging 60--72 µm diam. n = 2 n = 116, apogamous.

Sporulating summer--fall. Calcareous cliffs and ledges, usually on limestone; 900--3000 m; Alta., B.C.; Ariz., Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.Mex., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

This western counterpart of Pellaea glabella subsp. glabella is an apogamous tetraploid. A. F. Tryon (1957) and D. B. Lellinger (1985) hypothesized that it might have arisen as a hybrid between the western diploid member of the P . glabella complex (here called subsp. occidentalis ) and P . atropurpurea . G. J. Gastony (1988) has shown conclusively, however, that P . glabella subsp. simplex is an autopolyploid derivative of subsp. occidentalis and does not contain genes contributed by P . atropurpurea .


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