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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Asparagus

2. Asparagus asparagoides (Linnaeus) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club. 3: 414. 1914; not W. Wight 1909, invalid name.

Smilax asparagus

Medeola asparagoides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 339. 1753

Vines, erect to deflexed, branching, climbing to 1.5 m; roots tuberous. Stems slender, to 3 m, wiry, smooth to slightly ridged; cladophylls solitary at each node, broadly lanceolate to ovate, 15–35 × 5–15(–20) mm, leathery, with 20–24 parallel veins. Leaves membranous, 1–2 mm; blade broadly lanceolate. Inflorescences in axillary umbels, 1–3(–4)-flowered. Flowers bisexual; perianth campanulate; tepals white, with green median stripe abaxially, 5–7 × 1–1.5 mm; pedicel 5–8 mm, with hard, raised joint 1–3 mm above base. Berries red, 6–8 mm. Seeds 1–4(–6). 2n = 20.

Flowering spring--summer. Waste places, open forests, roadsides; 0--100 m; introduced; Calif.; s Africa.

Asparagus asparagoides is cultivated as an ornamental and has naturalized locally in southern Europe.


 

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