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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Rhynchospora

40. Rhynchospora compressa J. Carey ex Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 525. 1860.

Phaeocephalum compressum (J. Carey ex Chapman) House; Rhynchospora cymosa Elliott var. compressa (J. Carey ex Chapman)C. B. Clarke ex Britton

Plants perennial, cespitose, 70–100(–150) cm; rhizomes absent. Culms erect to ascending, leafiest at base, triangular, slender, somewhat stiff. Leaves exceeded by culm; basal blades crowded, spreading excurved, distal ascending, linear, proximally flat, 3–5 mm wide, apex trigonous, short subulate. Inflorescences: spikelet clusters 3–5, compact, the proximalmost widely spaced, turbinate or lobed to hemispheric; leafy bracts setaceous, mostly overtopping clusters. Spikelets red brown, broadly ovoid, 3–3.5(–4) mm, apex acuminate; fertile scales broadly ovate to ± orbiculate, 2–2.5(–3) mm, apex rounded to notched, midrib included or short excurrent. Flowers: perianth bristles 6, reaching from fruit midbody to tubercle, antrorsely barbellate. Fruits 1–2 per spikelet, (2–)2.5–2.8(–3) mm; body brownish, broadly obovoid to nearly orbicular, 1.5–2 × 1.5–2 mm; surfaces strongly transversely wavy rugose, intervals rows of vertical, rectangular alveolae; tubercle conic-subulate, basal rim flaring above short neck on achene.

Fruiting spring–fall. Moist sands and peats of pine flatwoods, bog margins, savannas; 0–100 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C.

Rhynchospora compressa is very closely akin to R. recognita and even coarser; inflorescence clusters are about as bristly and fertile scales blunter than those in R. recognita. It is less inclined to have an excurrent midrib, and the fruit is flatter. Both species often produce sterile spikelets, sometimes comprising an entire inflorescence.


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