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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Rhynchospora

43. Rhynchospora miliacea (Lamarck) A. Gray, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. 3: 198. 1835.

Schoenus miliaceus Lamarck in J. Lamarck and J. Poiret, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 137. 1791; Phaeocephalum miliaceum (Lamarck) House; Rhynchospora sparsa (Michaux) Vahl; Schoenus sparsus Michaux

Plants perennial, cespitose, to 150 cm; rhizomes stoloniferous, slender. Culms lax, leafy, wandlike, ± terete to obscurely angled, slender. Leaves ascending, exceeded by culms; blades flat, 4–7(–10) mm wide, apex trigonous, short acuminate, tapering. Inflorescences: spikelet clusters 4–6 or more, equidistant along culm on ascending peduncles, branches capillary, divaricate, clusters loose, diffuse, rounded. Spikelets light brown, ellipsoid to lanceoloid or ovoid, 2.5–3.5 mm, apex acute; fertile scales ovate, (1.5–)2–3 mm, apex rounded or acute, midrib forming apiculus. Flowers: perianth bristles 6, longest exceeding tubercle, antrorsely barbellate. Fruits 2–several per spikelet, 1.3–1.5 mm; body pale brown, broadly obovoid, tumidly biconvex, 1.1–1.2 × 1–1.1 mm; surfaces transversely sharply wavy rugulose, intervals with vertical, rectangular, shallow alveolae; tubercle depressed conic, slightly compressed, 0.2–0.3(–0.4) mm, edges setulose.

Fruiting summer–fall. Sandy alluvium of swamp forests and gallery forests, low clearings forests; 0–400 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex., Va.; West Indies.

The ultimate branches in Rhynchospora miliacea typically terminate in only one or two spikelets, the scales of which fall quickly, and the exposed fruits look like short miniature strings of beads.


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