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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Rhynchospora

53. Rhynchospora pleiantha (Kükenthal) Gale, Rhodora. 46: 171. 1944.

Rhynchospora filifolia A. Gray var. pleiantha Kükenthal, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 208. 1926

Plants perennial, densely cespitose, 10–40(–53) cm; rhizomes stoloniferous, slender. Culms erect to excurved, leafy based, filiform. Leaves shorter than culm; blades ascending to excurved, filiform, proximally to 1 mm wide, margins involute, apex trigonous, subulate, tapering. Inflorescences: spikelet clusters 1–3, laterals 0–2, turbinate, rarely hemispheric; leafy bracts setaceous, overtopping inflorescence. Spikelets red brown, narrowly lanceoloid, 5–7 mm, apex acute; fertile scales lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm, apex acute, mucronate. Flowers: perianth absent. Fruits 2(–5) per spikelet, (1.7–)2–2.2 mm; body on short, setulose receptacular stipe, brown with pale center, obovoid lenticular, 0.8–1.1 mm, surfaces very finely longitudinally lined, sometimes faintly reticulate cancellate; tubercle triangular subulate, 0.7–0.9 mm, base lunate, edges setulose.

Fruiting late spring–fall. Sands and peats of pond shores and moist pine savannas, particularly in karst districts; 0–200 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., N.C.; West Indies (Cuba).


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