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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Schoenoplectus

2b. Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhlenberg ex Bigelow) Á. Löve & D. Löve var. occidentalis (S. Watson) S. G. Smith, Novon. 5: 97. 1995.

Common tule

Scirpus lacustris Linnaeus var. occidentalis S. Watson, Bot. California 2: 218. 1880; S. acutus Muhlenberg ex Bigelow var. occidentalis (S. Watson) Beetle; S. rubiginosus Beetle

Culms dark to light green, 1–4 m × 4–12 mm, firm to soft, larger air cavities in distal 1/4, 1–2.5 mm wide. Leaves: sheath fronts mostly delicately pinnate-fibrillose. Inflorescences to 3 times branched, branches sometimes flexible and drooping. Spikelets 4–190, 6–24 × 4 mm. Flowers: perianth bristles (4–)6(–8), equaling to less than 1/2 achene body, rarely rudimentary; styles from 2-fid with few 3-fid at spikelet apex to mostly (or all) 3-fid. Achenes plano-convex or compressed obtusely trigonous.

Fruiting (spring–)summer(–fall). Fresh, often calcareous to brackish marshes, fens, lakes, slow streams, often emergent in water to 1.5 m; 0–2100 m; B.C.; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Tex., Utah, Wash., Wyo.; n Mexico.

Schoenoplectus acutus var. occidentalis forms sterile hybrids with S. californicus in California (S. G. Smith 1995; see 1. S. tabernaemontani).


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