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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Oxalidaceae

8. Oxalis florida Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton. 322. 1796.
[E W]

Slender eastern wood-sorrel Slender eastern wood-sorrel

Oxalis brittoniae Small; O. dillenii Jacquin subsp. filipes (Small) G. Eiten; O. dillenii subsp. recurva (Elliott) C. F. Reed; O. filipes Small; O. florida var. filipes (Small) H. E. Ahles; O. florida var. recurva (Elliott) H. E. Ahles; O. recurva Elliott; Xanthoxalis brittoniae Small; X. filipes (Small) Small; X. recurva (Elliott) Small

Herbs perennial, caulescent, rhizomes or stolons usually present, bulb absent. Aerial stems usually 1 from base, usually erect, rarely leaning and decumbent, <not rooting at nodes>, (5–)8–30(–35) cm, herbaceous, glabrous, glabrate, or sparsely to moderately strigose, sometimes sparsely villous proximally, <hairs slightly curved, antrorse, nonseptate>. Leaves basal and cauline; stipules rudimentary; petiole 2–5 cm, <hairs nonseptate>; leaflets 3, green, obcordate, 4–11 mm, lobed 1/5–1/3 length, abaxial surface sparsely strigose, adaxial surface glabrous, oxalate deposits absent. Inflorescences umbelliform cymes, 1–2(–3)-flowered; peduncles (2–)3–8 cm. Flowers tristylous, <at or slightly above level of leaves>; sepal apices without tubercles, <surfaces glabrous>; petals yellow, sometimes with faint red lines proximally, 4–8 mm. Capsules angular-cylindric, abruptly tapering to apex, 7–10 mm, glabrous or glabrate to sparsely puberulent, <hairs short, sometimes only along angles>. <Seeds brown, transverse ridges brown>. 2n = 16.

Flowering Mar–May(–Aug). Low woods, swamp forests, rich woods, pine woods, sandy sites, burned-over woods, ditches, roadside banks, flood plains, low fields, lake edges, stream banks, pastures, disturbed sites, bluffs, rocky slopes; 10–400 m; Ark., Conn., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., S.C., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Oxalis florida is recognized by its mostly erect stems, thin stems and peduncles (compared to other species), sparsely strigose cauline vestiture of relatively short, slightly curved hairs, rudimentary stipules, and relatively small flowers with petals that usually lack red lines proximally. It is a species primarily of the Atlantic states and Gulf coast, but it also occurs in Arkansas, Louisiana, southwestern Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas, apparently disjunct westward from its main range.

Intermediates between Oxalis florida and O. colorea apparently occur where their ranges come into contact. According to G. Eiten (1963), O. florida intergrades with O. dillenii in forming intermediate homogenous populations as well as hybrid swarms. Eiten treated O. florida as O. dillenii subsp. filipes, but D. B. Ward (2004) noted that the differences between O. florida and O. dillenii are appreciable and intermediates seem few. K. M. Wiegand (1925) observed that O. florida and O. filipes have the appearance of hybrids between O. stricta and either O. dillenii or O. corniculata but that their absence in much of the region where the possible parents both occur argues against this hypothesis.


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