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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 6 | Malvaceae | Corchorus

5. Corchorus siliquosus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 529. 1753.

Slippery burr, broomweed Slippery burr, broomweed

Plants herbs, annual. Stems erect, 3–25 dm, short-pilose in 1(–2) lines, hairs erect, dense, sharp-pointed. Leaves: petiole 5–10 mm; blade elliptic-ovate, 0.5–2.5(–4) cm, base rounded-truncate, margins serrate, proximal teeth not prolonged, apex acute, surfaces glabrous, adaxial surface minutely pustulate-roughened. Inflorescences usually solitary flowers, sometimes fasciculate or cymose, 2–3-flowered. Pedicels 4–7 mm. Flowers: sepals narrowly oblong-lanceolate, 4–5 mm, not awned, glabrous; petals 4–6 mm; stamens 50–70. Capsules cylindric, flattened, not wing-angled, subtruncate distally, 2-valved, each valve with 2 awns 1.5–3 mm, 20–30(–60) × 2–3 mm, minutely hirtellous to hispidulous. 2n = 28.

Flowering Mar–Oct(–Dec). Canal banks, glade edges, hammocks, hammock and swamp edges, beaches, open pine woodlands with limestone outcrops and solution holes, rock outcrops, roadsides; 0–50 m; Fla.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America.

Corchorus siliquosus is native in Collier, Miami-Dade, and Monroe counties. Reports of it from Alabama have been based on a garden-grown plant from Mobile County, and attribution to Mississippi has been based on misidentifications of C. hirtus.


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