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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 5 | Polygonaceae | Polygonum

21. Polygonum bidwelliae S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 14: 294. 1879.

Bidwell's knotweed

Herbs. Stems erect, green, simple or divaricately branched, ± wiry, 2-20 cm, minutely papillose-scabridulous. Leaves crowded at branch tips, not articulated to ocreae, basal leaves caducous or persistent, distal leaves abruptly reduced to bracts; ocrea 8-13 mm, papillose-scabridulous, proximal part cylindric, distal part overlapping and obscuring leaves and flowers, silvery, entire or shallowly dentate; petiole absent; blade 3-veined, without pleats, linear, 5-15(-20) × 0.5-1.5(-2) mm, margins revolute, papillose-denticulate, apex spine-tipped. Inflorescences axillary; cymes in distal axils, 1-flowered. Pedicels absent. Flowers closed; perianth 2-3 mm; tube 10-18% of perianth length; tepals overlapping, pink with pink or white margins, petaloid, elliptic, navicular, apex acute to acuminate; midveins unbranched; stamens 8. Achenes enclosed in perianth at maturity, light brown to brown, ovate-elliptic, 1.8-2.3 mm, faces subequal, shiny, smooth.

Flowering May-Jun. Thin volcanic soils, chaparral, montane woodland valleys, grasslands; 60-1200 m; Calif.

Polygonum bidwelliae occurs in the Cascade Range and northeastern Sacramento Valley in Butte, Shasta, and Tehama counties.


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