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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Primulaceae | Primula

7. Primula specuicola Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 40: 461. 1913.

Cave-dwelling primrose

Primula hunnewellii Fernald

Plants 10-25 cm, herbaceous; rhizomes thin, short; rosettes not clumped; vegetative parts heavily white-farinose. Leaves not aromatic, indistinctly petiolate; petiole broadly winged; blade without deep reticulate veins abaxially, spatulate, 8-15 × 2 cm, thin, margins irregularly and sharply dentate to sinuate-dentate, apex obtuse to acute, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences (6-)10-25-flowered; involucral bracts plane, ± equal. Pedicels erect, thin, 10-30 mm, length 2-5 times bracts, flexuous. Flowers heterostylous; calyx green, campanulate, 3-5 mm; corolla lavender, tube 8-10 mm, length 2 times calyx, eglandular, limb 10-16 mm diam., lobes 5-8 mm, apex emarginate. Capsules ellipsoid, length 1-2 times calyx. Seeds without flanged edges, reticulate. 2n = 18.

Flowering summer. Moist seepage areas on carbonate bedrock in canyons; 800-2500 m; Ariz., Utah.

Primula specuicola has relatively large corollas, relatively long pedicels, and irregularly and sharply dentate to sinuate-dentate leaves with conspicuous farina. It is a characteristic member of hanging-garden communities along the canyon walls of the Colorado River and its tributaries. Plants with a more exserted capsule were given the name P. hunnewellii; this appears to be only a minor variant that does not warrant infraspecific recognition.


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