All Floras      Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 519, 521, 525 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Descurainia

9. Descurainia obtusa (Greene) O. E. Schulz in H. G. A. Engler, Pflanzenr. 86[IV,105]: 321. 1924.

Sophia obtusa Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 96. 1904; Sisymbrium obtusum (Greene) A. Nelson & J. F. Macbride

Biennials; glandular or eglandular; finely pubescent, often canescent, trichomes dendritic, sometimes mixed with simple ones. Stems erect, unbranched basally or branched proximally and/or distally, 4-12(-15) dm. Basal leaves: petiole 0.5-3.7 cm; blade pinnate, oblanceolate to obovate or ovate in outline, 1-6 cm, lateral lobes (2-5 pairs), oblanceolate to linear or narrowly lanceolate, (7-25 × 2-10 mm), margins usually entire or serrate, rarely incised, (apex obtuse). Cauline leaves sessile or shortly petiolate; blade smaller distally, distal lobes often narrower, surfaces densely pubescent. Racemes considerably elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate, straight, 6-15 mm. Flowers: sepals spreading or sometimes ascending, greenish to yellowish, oblong, 1-2 mm, densely pubescent, (trichomes dendritic, sometimes mixed with glandular papillae); petals oblanceolate, 1-2 × 0.5-0.7 mm (equaling or shorter than sepals); median filaments 1.4-2 mm; anthers 0.2-0.3 mm. Fruits divaricate to suberect, linear, slightly torulose, 10-20 (-23) × 0.7-1 mm, (acute at both ends); valves each with distinct midvein, (sparsely to densely pubescent); septum not veined; ovules 16-40 per ovary; style 0.1-0.2 mm, glabrous. Seeds uniseriate or biseriate, light brown, oblong, 0.7-1.1 × 0.5-0.6 mm. 2n = 14.

Flowering May-Sep(-Oct). Gravelly grounds, sandy areas, disturbed sites, open forests, plateaus, abandoned mine areas, dry streams and washes; 1500-2600 m; Ariz., Nev., N.Mex.; Mexico (Baja California).

As circumscribed here, Descurainia obtusa is a relatively uniform, diploid species. It probably was involved as a parent of D. adenophora, which is a hexaploid readily distinguished by characters discussed thereunder.


Related Objects  
  • Distribution Map
  • Map

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |