3. Drepanocladus arcticus (R. S. Williams) Hedenas, Bryologist. 100: 82. 1997.
Chryso-hypnum arcticum R. S. Williams, Rep. Canad. Arctic Exped., Moss., 10, figs. 13-18. 1921 (as Chrysohypnum); Campylium arcticum (R. S. Williams) Brotherus; C. stellatum var. arcticum (R. S. Williams) L. I. Savicz
Plants medium-sized to large. Stems irregularly and often sparsely branched. Stem leaves patent, spreading, or squarrose, ovate, broadly ovate, or triangular-ovate, suddenly or gradually narrowed to apex, concave or strongly concave, (1-)1.7-3.6 × 0.6-1.5 mm; base erect, subclasping, insertion usually deeply U-shaped; margins entire, or sometimes slightly sinuate near apex; apex acuminate, acumen usually sharply differentiated, furrowed or strongly furrowed; costa double and short, very rarely single and ending well before mid leaf; alar region transversely triangular, reaching from margin 66-100% distance to costa; ratio of medial laminal cell length (µm) to leaf length (mm) 26-30.2. Sexual condition autoicous.
Coastal areas in Arctic, lagoons, salt water pools, shore meadows, fens, bird cliffs, mineral-and more or less nutrient-rich habitats; low elevations; Greenland; N.W.T., Nunavut; Alaska; Eurasia.
Drepanocladus arcticus has frequently been confused with Campylium stellatum and D. polygamus, as all occur in Arctic areas. Amblystegium chrysophyllum var. zemliae C. E. O. Jensen [Campylium zemliae (C. E. O. Jensen) C. E. O. Jensen] may be an older name for D. arcticus; however, because no type material of this taxon seems to be extant, and the protologue does not allow certain conclusions regarding its identity, this cannot be decided. Two duplicate specimens from the Jensen herbarium originally identified as C. zemliae (Uummannaq, Vahl s.n., July 1834 [H, S]) belong to D. polygamus. The leaf acumina are (1-)1.2-2.3 times the basal leaf length.
SELECTED REFERENCE Hedenas, L. 1997c. Notes on Drepanocladus arcticus (Williams) Hedenas. J. Bryol. 19: 642-645.