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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 6 | Malvaceae | Iliamna

1. Iliamna rivularis (Douglas) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 206. 1906.
[E F]

Streambank globe-mallow or wild hollyhock Streambank globe-mallow or wild hollyhock

Malva rivularis Douglas in W. J. Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 107. 1831; Iliamna acerifolia (Torrey & A. Gray) Greene; I. rivularis subsp. diversa (A. Nelson) Wiggins; I. rivularis var. diversa (A. Nelson) C. L. Hitchcock; Phymosia acerifolia (Torrey & A. Gray) Rydberg; P. rivularis (Douglas) Rydberg; Sphaeralcea acerifolia Torrey & A Gray; S. rivularis (Douglas) Torrey; S. rivularis var. diversa A. Nelson

Stems 0.5–2 m; herbage sparsely stellate-hairy. Leaf blades deeply (3-), 5-, or 7-lobed, 5–20 cm wide, lobes triangular-ovate, broadest at base, base truncate to cordate, margins coarsely dentate. Inflorescences clusters forming interrupted spikes to corymbose racemes distally; involucellar bractlets linear-subulate, 3–6(–8) × 1 mm, 1/3–2/3 as long as calyx. Flowers: calyx 5–8(–11) mm, lobes triangular-ovate to obtuse, 2.5–4(–5.5) mm, ± as wide as long, slightly exceeding tube; petals pinkish white to rose-purple, 1.8–2.5 cm. Schizocarps 10–12 mm diam.; mericarps 8–12, 6–10 mm. Seeds (2 or)3 or 4, dark brown, 2 mm, puberulent. 2n = 66.

Flowering Jun–Aug. Stream banks, meadows, open woodlands, disturbed places, foothills to mountain slopes; 1400–2900 m; Alta., B.C.; Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Iliamna rivularis is variable in stature, pubescence, and leaf characters. Plants of Idaho and Wyoming with distally smaller (4–10 cm), three- to five-lobed blades, truncate bases, and inconspicuously toothed margins have been recognized as var. or subsp. diversa, but fall within the morphological range of the species as a whole.

Iliamna rivularis is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants as I. rivularis var. rivularis.


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