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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Rhamnaceae

10. Ceanothus spinosus Nuttall in J. Torrey and A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 267. 1838.

Green-bark ceanothus Green-bark ceanothus

Shrubs, sometimes arborescent, evergreen, 2–6 m. Stems erect, not rooting at nodes; branchlets green, thorn-tipped or not, round to ± angled in cross section, rigid, glabrous or sparsely puberulent. Leaves: not fascicled; petiole 4–7 mm; blade ± cupped, elliptic to oblong, 11–35 × 8–29 mm, base cuneate to rounded, margins entire, apex obtuse to weakly retuse, abaxial surface pale green, not glaucous, sometimes puberulent on midribs, adaxial surface green, shiny, glabrous; pinnately veined. Inflorescences axillary, paniclelike, 4–17 cm. Flowers: sepals, petals, and nectary pale blue to blue. Capsules 4–6 mm wide, not lobed; valves smooth, not conspicuously viscid, not or weakly crested. 2n = 24.

Flowering Jan–May. Rocky slopes, coastal sage scrub, chaparral; 60–900 m; Calif.; Mexico (Baja California).

Like Ceanothus incanus, plants of C. spinosus are polymorphic for the presence of thorn-tipped branchlets. Putative hybrids with C. thyrsiflorus and C. oliganthus var. sorediatus have been reported (M. Van Rensselaer and H. McMinn 1944).


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