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Flora of Taiwan | Family List | Orchidaceae

Epipogium R. Br.



Terrestrial saprophytic leafless herbs without chlorophyll. Rhizomes tuberous or coralloid. Stems scapose, erect, more or less fleshy, loosely scaly and sheathed, often thick at base. Inflorescence terminal, a loose raceme; bracts membranaceous. Flower few to many, resupinate or not; sepals and petals subequal, free, spreading or connivent; lip sessile at base of column, broad, concave, entire or 3-lobed, spurred at base; column without foot, broadened apically; anther terminal, fleshy, incumbent or suberect, dorsally 2-celled; pollinia 2, sectile, with granular surface, with slender caudicle and common viscidium; stigma at base of column, entire or with 3 confluent elevated surfaces; rostellum obscure or small and separated from stigma. Capsules pendulous.

About five species, from Europe and Africa through Asia to Australia. Two species in Taiwan.


1 Peduncle and flowers brownish yellow, with brownish purple stripes and spots; spur curved forward, divergent from ovary.   Epipogium japonicum
+ Peduncle and flowers whitish, without stripes or spots except on lip; spur pointing backward, positioned beside ovary.   Epipogium roseum

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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