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Flora of Taiwan | Family List | Actinidiaceae | Actinidia

Actinidia callosa var. callosa (C. B. Clarke) Ridley


Actinidia arisanensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 8:11. 1919; Li in Fl.Taiwan 2: 586. 1976. Actinidea callosa Lindl. var. formosana Finet & Gagnep. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52. Mem. 4(Contr.Fl.As.Or.):420. 1905 ; Li in Fl. Taiwan 2:586. pl.415.1976. Actinidia formosana Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 8:12. 1919. Actinidia rankanensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form.8: 13. 1919. Actinidia remoganensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form. 8: 13. 1919.

Tall climbing to 7 m or more long; glabrous or young branchlets tomentose,dark gray to reddish brown, with distinct conspicuous long yellowish lenticels; pith of branchlets solid, firm, light orange, pith of branches irregularly lamellate. Leaves chartaceous, ovate, ovate-oblong, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, ca. 6-15 cm long, 2.5-9 cm broad, acute to acuminate at apex, rounded, cuneate-rounded to subcordate at base, serrulate or subentirc, glabrous or tomentose in vein axils on both surfaces, lateral veins 5-7 per side; petioles slender, 1.5-5.5 cm long, reddish or green, strigose or glabrous. Inflorescences axillary cymes, 1-5 flowered, the pedicels nearly glabrous, 5-20 mm long, bracts minute; flowers white; sepals 5, oblong or ovate, rounded to obtuse at apex; petals 5, broadly oblong-ovate to oblong- lanceolate, rounded to obtuse at apex, cuneate and contracted at base; ovary subglobose to oblong-ovoid, densely tomentose. Fruit subglobose, oblong-ovoid or elliptic, ca. 2-3.5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm across, glabrous, grayish green, obscurely lenticellate.

TAIPEI: Matsao, Yangminshan, Peng 8644. ILAN: Taipingshan, Peng 7872. TAICHUNG: Tahsuehshan forest road, Peng 619. NANTOU:Fenghuangshan, Peng 607; Meifeng, Wang 80. TAITUNG: Chin-shui-ying, Yang 23728.

S. Asia, from S. China, Taiwan, Indochina and India to Malaysia. Taiwan, in thickets and forests at low to medium altitudes.


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