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Balanophoraceae Richard


Habit: herb

Important diagnostics: chlorophyll absent, scale-like leaves

Taxon group: dicots

Stem: rhizome

Plant: monoecious, dioecious

Leaf: position: opposite, alternate, distichous, verticillate/whorled, spiral, tufted

Flowers: inflorescence: raceme, spike, head

Flowers: sexuality: bisexual, unisexual

Flowers: perianth number: 0, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Stamen: number: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Stamen: arrangement: antepetalous

Stamen: anthers: opening by longitudinal slits, opening by apical pores, 2-celled, 3-celled, 4+ -celled

Stamen: filaments: free, connate into 1 tube or bundle

Pistil: style: absent, styles more than 1, style 1, or styles more or less connate

Pistil: ovary: 1-loculed, 2-loculed, 3-loculed

Ovary: position: inferior

Fruit: types and characters: a nut (incl. achene, caryopsis, schizocarp, pyrene, etc.), fleshy (berry, drupe, pome)

Fruit: seed: 1 seed

Seed: endosperm: seeds with endosperm

Google Image Search: Link

Dictionary of The Families & Genera of Chinese Seed Plants: Link

Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG: Link


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