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Gentianaceae A. L. Jussieu


Habit: tree, shrub, herb

Taxon group: dicots

Leaf: position: opposite, alternate, verticillate/whorled

Leaf: nature: simple

Leaf: blade: margin: entire

Leaf: stipules: absent

Flowers: inflorescence: solitary, fascicle, cyme, thyrse

Flowers: sexuality: bisexual, unisexual

Flowers: symmetry: actinomorphic

Flowers: disc: absent, present

Flowers: sepal number/calyx lobes: 4, 5, 6, 7+

Flowers: sepal position: connate or basally connate

Flowers: sepal/calyx nature: tubular, campanulate

Flowers: petal number/corolla lobes: 4, 5, 6

Flowers: petal position: connate or basally connate

Flowers: petal nature: spurred

Corolla: tubular, rotate, campanulate, funnelform, salverform, urceolate

Stamen: arrangement: alternate or antesepalous, same number as petals or sepals

Stamen: anthers: dorsifixed, basifixed, 2-celled

Stamen: filaments: inserted on the corolla

Pistil: ovary: 1-loculed, 2-loculed

Pistil: pistil: ovules parietal placentation

Ovary: position: superior

Fruit: types and characters: a capsule (incl. pod, follicle, etc.), fleshy (berry, drupe, pome)

Seed: endosperm: seeds with endosperm

Google Image Search: Link

Dictionary of The Families & Genera of Chinese Seed Plants: Link

Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG: Link


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