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Gesneriaceae Dumortier

苦苣苔科

Gesneriaceae
Sinningia cardinalis

Credit: Xiangying Wen

Habit: tree, shrub, herb

Taxon group: dicots

Leaf: position: opposite, alternate, verticillate/whorled, basal, rosette

Leaf: nature: simple

Leaf: venation: pinnate, palmate

Leaf: blade: margin: lobed, cleft, parted or divided

Leaf: stipules: absent

Flowers: inflorescence: solitary, raceme, head, cyme

Flowers: sexuality: bisexual

Flowers: symmetry: actinomorphic, zygomorphic

Flowers: disc: present

Flowers: sepal number/calyx lobes: 4, 5

Flowers: petal number/corolla lobes: 5

Flowers: petal position: connate or basally connate

Flower: bract: present

Corolla: campanulate, labiate

Stamen: number: 2, 4, 5

Stamen: arrangement: didynamous

Stamen: filaments: inserted on the corolla, free

Stamen: other characters: staminodia present

Pistil: style: style 1, or styles more or less connate

Pistil: ovary: 1-loculed, 2-loculed, 3-loculed, 4-loculed

Pistil: pistil: ovules parietal placentation

Ovary: position: superior, inferior

Fruit: types and characters: a capsule (incl. pod, follicle, etc.), fleshy (berry, drupe, pome)

Fruit: seed: 4+ seeds

Seed: embryo: straight

Seed: cotyledons: flat

Seed: endosperm: seeds without endosperm, seeds with endosperm

Google Image Search: Link

Dictionary of The Families & Genera of Chinese Seed Plants: Link

Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG: Link


 

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