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Sapindaceae A. L. Jussieu

无患子科

Sapindaceae
Sapindus drummondii

Credit: Xiangying Wen

Habit: tree, shrub, herb, liana

Important diagnostics: tendrils present

Taxon group: dicots

Leaf: position: alternate

Leaf: nature: simple, pinnately compound, ternately compound (3 leaflets), palmately compound

Leaf: blade: margin: entire

Flowers: inflorescence: raceme, fascicle, panicle

Flowers: sexuality: unisexual, polygamous

Flowers: symmetry: actinomorphic, zygomorphic

Flowers: disc: present

Flowers: sepal number/calyx lobes: 4, 5

Flowers: petal number/corolla lobes: 0, 4, 5

Flower: pedicel: present

Stamen: number: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10+

Pistil: style: style 1, or styles more or less connate

Pistil: ovary: 2-loculed, 3-loculed, 4-loculed

Pistil: ovule: 1 per locule, 2 per locule, 3 per locule, 4+ per locule

Pistil: pistil: ovules parietal placentation, ovules axillary placentation

Ovary: position: superior

Fruit: types and characters: a capsule (incl. pod, follicle, etc.), a nut (incl. achene, caryopsis, schizocarp, pyrene, etc.), fleshy (berry, drupe, pome), winged/samara

Seed: aril: present

Seed: endosperm: seeds without endosperm

Google Image Search: Link

Dictionary of The Families & Genera of Chinese Seed Plants: Link

Vascular Plant Type Catalog at NYBG: Link


 

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