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Wen's Keys | Family List | Theaceae | Camellia

Camellia oleifera Abel.

Camellia oleifera

Credit: Xiangying Wen

Habit: shrub, tree

Plant Height (m): 1-8 m

Distribution: China: Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shannxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang

Distribution: other countries: Laos, Vietnam

Young Branch: pubescent

Leaf upper surface: glabrous, midrib hairy

Leaf texture: leathery, thickly leathery

Leaf lower surface: glabrous, midrib hairy

Leaf length (cm): 3-12 cm

Leaf width (cm): 2-5 cm

Leaf shape: oblong-elliptic, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, obovate

Leaf margin: serrulate

Leaf apex: acuminate, acute

Leaf base: broadly-cuneate, cuneate, rounded

Lateral vein: pairs: 5-8

Petiole length (mm): 5-10 mm

Petiole: pubescent

Flower: solitary, 2-5 flowers clustered

Flower position: axillary, terminal

Flower diameter (cm): 4-6 cm

Pedicel: absent

Bractlet number: 8-11

Bractlet: deciduous after anthesis

Bractlet shape: lunate, semiorbicular, suborbicular, obovate

Bractlet hairiness: glabrous inside, pubescent outside, margin ciliated

Sepal: deciduous after anthesis

Sepal number: 8-11

Sepal shape: suborbicular, obovate

Sepal hairiness: glabrous inside, margin ciliated, pubescent outside

Petal number: 5-7

Petal color: white

Petal shape: obovate

Petal apex: retuse

Petal length (mm): 25-35 mm

Petal width (mm): 15-25 mm

Stamen length (mm): 10-17 mm

Filaments hairiness: glabrous

Filaments: the base of outer filaments connate, not forming a tube

Ovary: pubescent

Ovary shape: orbicular

Ovary locus: 3-locular, 4-locular, 5-locular

Relative length of stamens and styles: stamens longer than styles

Style length (mm): 8-12 mm

Style hairiness: glabrous, pubescent at the lower part

Style: 3-cleft, 3-parted to near the base, 4-cleft, 5-cleft

Fruit shape: orbicular, suborbicular

Fruit diameter (cm): 3-4 cm

Seed number per locule: 1, 2, 3 or more

Seed shape: semiorbicular, orbicular

Seed color: brown


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