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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae

Triticum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 85-87. 1753.


Triticum aestivum

Credit: CS Kuoh

Annual. Raceme linear, bearing single spikelets on a fragile rhachis. Spikelets 3-9-flowerd; glumes oblong to ovate, coriaceous, 5-11-nerved. 1-2-keeled, obtuse truncate or bidentate, the lateral nerves diverging into the teeth, mucronate or awned; lemmas rounded on back or keeled near tip, the tip similar to that of glumes.

Species 10-20. Eastern Mediterranean to Iran.

Stony hillsides, dry grassland and weedy places; more than half the species cultivated. Wheat is the principal cereal of temperate regions.

Lower Taxon


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