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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Bothriochloa

Bothriochloa glabra (Roxb). A. Camus, Ann. Soc. L. Lyon. 1930, n. s. 76: 164. 1931. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 621. 1978.


Bothriochloa glabra
leaf cs section

Credit: cs kuoh

Andropogon glaber Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 271. 1820.

Culm stout, about 3 mm across. Blade linear, up to 20 cm long, basal part covered with long hairs; ligule rounded, hispid on the backside. Inflorescence a large panicle, about 15 cm long by 5 cm wide. Spikelets paired, dimorphic, the upper pedicellate, pedicel with a translucent longitudinal groove; the lower sessile, lower; glume lanceolate, acute, chartaceous, 3-nerved, margins inrolled, about 3.6 mm long; upper glume chartaceous, ?-nerved, lanceolate, margins inrolled, ciliate on backside and margins, decorated with a concave spot on the upper part; upper lemma aristate, the awn 6 times the length of the lemma, flexuous, 1-nerved; upper palea hyaline, linear-lanceolate, margins folded, about 2.2 mm long; anther about 1.2mm long.Distributed in India and Malaya.

TAIPEI: Kuanyingshan, Chuang 2832. HSINCHU: Hsinchu, Shimada 395C. TAINAN; Tainan City, Hsu 536* Anping, Hsu s. n. June 29, 1960. PINGTUNG: Huangliao, Hsu 955; Kenting, Kuoh 2139.

One of the common grasses in Taiwan. This is a rather coarse grass but it is said to be an excellent fodder. It is much more common in southern Taiwan than, in the northern part.

midrib 中肋: (la)large:several vascular bundles

leaf surface 表面: (fla)flat surface

sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (mistr)strand variable with size of vein

chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (radia)cells radiate and lesser than
bundle sheath cell in width

bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (sk)single bundle sheath with
conspicuous chloroplast

buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side

with small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下有小脈: (bcarc)bulliform cell with colorless cells
form an arc-shape

chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 3

chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (per)large amount and in peripheral site

mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms -)metaxylem pole adjacent with
outer bundle sheath

distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 80 micrometer

length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 2

chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: lobed


Related Objects  
  • leaf cs section (cs kuoh)
  • Image/JPEG

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