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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Chloris

Chloris gayana Kunth, Kunth, Rev. Gram. 1 : 89. 1829. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 464. 1978; Osada, Illust. Grass. Jap. 524. 1993.


Chloris gayana

Culm erect, stoloniferous. Blade about 5 mm wide, basal part covered with long silky hairs; ligule subcoriaceous, about 6 mm long, ciliate on back. Inflorescence of several spikes about 10 cm long, digitately arranged. Spikelets several-flowered, 4-4.5 mm long, sessile; rachis pilose; glumes membranous, 1nerved, hispid along nerves, lanceolate, acute, awned; lower glume 2/3 as long as the upper; lower lemma elliptical, subcoriaceous, margins with short silky hairs, 3-nerved, 2-toothed, the awn slightly longer than the lemma; callus hairy; palea chartaceous, linear-elliptical, 2-keeled, with a shallow sinus at the apex.

TAIPEI: NTU Campus, Hsu A2. TAICHUNG: Chunghsing Univ., Kuoh 1218. TAINAN: Hsinhua, Hsu 10442. PINGTUNG: Pingtung, Hsu s. n. Sept. 21, 1969.

Distributed from Senegal eastwards to the Sudan and south to South Africa, in open grasslands and savannahs.

This is an introduced species. It makes an excellent hay of high nutritive value and is eaten greedily by all stock. Yields are very high in irrigated fields.


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