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Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Eulalia

Eulalia speciosa (Debeaux) 0. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 775. 1891. Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 653. 1978; Koyama, Grass. Jap. Neighb. Reg. 421. 1987.


Erianthus speciosus Debeaux.,Acta Soc. L. Bordeaux 32: 53. 1878.
Eularia speciosa O. Ktze. var. modesta (Hack.) Honda, Monogr. 412. 1930

Culm tall, stout, about 5 mm across, up to 1 m tall. Blade linear-lanceolate, about 4 mm wide; ligule about 1 mm long, truncate and ciliate, hispid on the back. Inflorescence of digitately arranged racemes. Spikelets paired, monomorphic; the upper pedicellate, the lower sessile, about 5.5 mm long. Lower glume subcoriaceous, lanceolate, as long as the spikelet, sides inrolled, upper part 2-keeled, long hairy on back and margins, nerves inconspicuous; upper glume 3-nerved, lanceolate, sides inrolled, margins and apex fimbriate, sparingly hairy on the back, as long as the lower glume; lower lemma of nearly the same texture and length as the upper glume, linear-lanceolate; upper lemma membranous, linear, 2-cleft, fimbriate at the apex, 1-nerved, ending in a flexuous awn of about 14 mm long; palea about 0.8 mm long, hyaline, upper margin fimbriate: Caryopsis cylindrical, about 2.5 mm long; embryo 1/2 the length of the caryopsis.

NANTOU: Tunyuen, Suzuki 2708; Kuantaochi, Hsu & Kuoh 10664.

Distributed in India, extending to Thailand, China, Korea and Japan.

This species is found on hillsides at low altitudes. It is eaten by cattle when young but becomes rather coarse with age.


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