All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Taiwan Gramineae | Family List | Poaceae | Phragmites

Phragmites communis (L.) Trin., Fund. Agrost. 134. 1820; Hsu, Fl. Taiwan 5: 388. 1978; Koyama, Grass. Jap. Neighb. Reg. 240. 1987.


Phragmites communis

Credit: CS Kuoh

  • Arundo phragmites L.

    Tall reed. Rhizome conspicuous. Ligule 1 mm long, upper margin fimbriate, blade 2 cm wide. Panicle large, open. Spikelets usually 3-flowered, 14 mm long; glumes lanceolate, chartaceous, 3-nerved, sometimes tessellate-nerved; the lower 4 mm long; lemma 7-10 mm long, chartaceous, 3-nerved, lanceolate, glabrous; callus elongated with silky hairs; palea 2.5-4 mm long, 2-keeled, margins minutely ciliate, apex truncate.

    TAIPEI: Tanshui, Kao 5520; DeVol 7648. MIAOLI: Chunan, Shimada 785c.CHIAYI: Putzu, Wang 20128. TAINAN: Tainan, Wang 20107; Anping, Wang 20159. PINGTUNG: Liukuaitso, Suzuki 5687.

    Widely distributed in the northern hemisphere.

    leaf surface 表面: (sha)upper surface with shallow notch
    between the veins

    sclerenchyma 厚壁組織: (bIgir)on both sides of some veins
    as I-shaped girder

    chlorenchyma 葉綠組織: (armed)compact armed cells

    bundle sheath 維管束鞘: (nke)bundle sheaths without chloroplast

    buliform cells well developed 泡狀細胞發達: mainly appear in adaxial side

    no small vein under buliform cells泡狀細胞下無小脈: (bcnar)bulliform cell with colorless cells
    beneath it in row

    chlorenchyma cell number between two adjacent veins: 7

    chloroplast form in bundle sheath 束鞘細胞內之葉綠體型式: (not)no chloroplast

    mestome sheath 內束鞘細胞: (Xyms+)metaxylem pole adjacent with
    mestome sheath

    distance between two adjancent vein 脈間距: 250 micrometer

    length/weidth ratio of bundle sheath in LS 束鞘細胞縱面長寬比: 2

    chlorenchyma cell shape in LS 葉綠細胞縱面形狀: lobed


    Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Image/JPEG (CS Kuoh)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/JPEG (dry specimen cs kuoh)
  • Image/JPEG
  • leaf cs section (cs kuoh)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/GIF (CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses)
  • Image/GIF

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |