Tsai-Wen Hsu's Flora
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Tsai-Wen Hsu's Flora | Family List | Solanaceae | Capsicum

Capsicum annuum L.

Capsicum frutescens L., Sp. Pl. 188. 1753

Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs. Transection of stems circle, simple hairs to glabrate, woody in age. Leaves solitary or paired, 21.3-78 mm long, 10.4-33 mm wide, apically shout acuminate or acute, basally narrowed, entire, glabrate; petiole velutinous, 4-15 mm long. Flowers mostly solitary in leaf axils; pedicel 6.7-20 mm long. Calyx copular,undulate or denticulate 2-3 mm long; sepal 2.2-5 mm long, 1.3-3 mm wide; petal mostly bent at apex 2-2.8 mm long, 1-2mm wide. Anthers purplish 1.2-3 mm long, 0.7-0.9 mm wide, style surface glabrate. Fruit Berry red (orange, yellow, or purple in cultivation), variously shaped, 10.4-16 mm long, 3.7-6 mm across; pedicel 11.7-25 mm long; sepal persistence, upward. seeds numerous, pale yellow, discoid or reniform, 3-5 mm across.

KAOHSIUNG: Liukuei to Meinung, Chen 350. PINGTUNG: Pingtung City, Chang 9226; Kangkou to Manchou, Chuang, & Kao 3101. TAITUNG: Lutao Is., Peng 7617.

Native to Mexico and South America, widely cultivated and naturalized throughout the world. Cultivated plants have fruits of various colors and shapes. This species includes forms with sweet or pungent fruits. In Taiwan, commonly cultivated and occasionally escaping.

Habit: Shrub

Stem: transection: Circle

Stem: surface: Velutinous

Leaf division: type: Simple

Leaf margin: type: Entire

Petiole: shape: Terete


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