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14. Adoxaceae

五福花科 wu fu hua ke

Authors: Deyuan Hong, Qiner Yang, Valéry Malécot & David E. Boufford

Adoxa xizangensis

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Shrubs, less frequently perennial herbs, or small trees. Leaves opposite, simple or compound: ternate, biternate, ternate-pinnate, biternate-pinnate, or odd-pinnate. Inflorescences terminal panicles or umbellate, spicate, or capitate cymes. Flowers bisexual; calyx and corolla both connate, (3-)5-merous. Stamens 5 (Sambucus, Viburnum) or 5, 4, or 3 (Adoxa, Sinadoxa), alternate corolla lobes, inserted on corolla tube; filaments cleft into 2 semi-stamens (in Adoxa, Sinadoxa); anthers 1-celled, peltate, extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; staminodes 5, 4, or 3, in inner whorl, opposite corolla lobes. Ovary semi-inferior to inferior, 1- or 3-5-loculed; styles 5, 4, or 3, connate or free, or absent; stigmas capitate or 2- or 3-fid. Fruit drupes; seeds 1 or 3-5.

Four genera and ca. 220 species: mainly in the N Hemisphere; four genera (one endemic) and 81 species (49 endemic) in China.

Chiu Lien-ching. 1986. Adoxaceae. In: Lu An-ming & Chen Shu-kun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 73(1): 1-5; Hu Jia-qi & Hsu Ping-sheng. 1988. Sambucus and Viburnum. In: Hsu Ping-sheng, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 72: 4-104.


1 Leaves simple; ovary 1-loculed; drupes 1-seeded; shrubs or small trees.   1 Viburnum
+ Leaves compound; ovary 3-5-loculed; drupes usually 3-5-seeded; shrubs, perennial herbs, or small trees   (2)
       
2 (1) Shrubs or small trees, rarely coarse perennial herbs more than 0.5 m tall; stamens 5, undivided.   2 Sambucus
+ Perennial herbs less than 30 cm tall; fertile stamens 5, 4, or 3, cleft into 2 semi-stamens, anthers 2-celled   (3)
       
3 (2) Basal and cauline leaves pinnately compound; inflorescence of several condensed cymes in an interrupted spike.   3 Sinadoxa
+ Basal leaves simple, 3-cleft, or ternately or biternately compound; cauline leaves simple and 3-cleft or ternate; inflorescences condensed capitate, several flowered cymes or racemelike.   4 Adoxa

Lower Taxa


 

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