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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae

43. Ammi Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 243. 1753.

阿米芹属 a mi qin shu

She Menglan (佘孟兰 Sheh Meng-lan); Mark F. Watson

Visnaga Gaertner.

Herbs, annual or biennial, glabrous. Stem erect, terete, branching. Leaves petiolate, sheath narrow; blade ternate-pinnate or pinnatisect, membranous; ultimate segments filiform to lanceolate. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts numerous, entire or pinnately divided, reflexed in fruit; bracteoles many, entire. Calyx teeth obsolete or inconspicuous, minute. Petals white or yellowish, obcordate or deeply 2-lobed, lobes unequal, base tapering, clawed, apex inflexed, outer petals in outer flowers radiant. Stylopodium low-conic, base slightly undulate; styles slender, more than twice as long as stylopodium, reflexed. Fruit ovoid or ovoid-oblong, slightly compressed laterally, commissure constricted, mericarps pentagonal in cross section, glabrous; ribs 5, acute; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore entire or 2-cleft to base.

About six species: Mediterranean region; cultivated elsewhere; two species (introduced) in China.

1 Biennial; ultimate leaf segments 0.5–1 mm; rays in fruiting umbel becoming erect, rigid and tightly constricted on discoid torus.   1 Ammi visnaga
+ Annual; ultimate leaf segments 5–20 mm; rays in fruiting umbel divergent, not so thickened, only slightly constricted, not on a discoid torus.   2 Ammi majus

Lower Taxa


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