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Chloranthaceae Blume

金粟兰科 jin su lan ke

Authors: Nianhe Xia & Joël Jérémie

Chloranthus japonicus

Credit: Tatyana Shulkina

Shrubs, small trees, or perennial herbs. Leaves simple; stipules small; petioles usually connate at base; leaf blade pinnately veined, margin serrate or crenate. Flowers small, bisexual or unisexual, arranged in spikes, capitula, or panicles; perianth present in female flowers or absent. Bisexual flowers: stamens 1 or 3, inserted on 1 side of ovary; filaments inconspicuous; connectives conspicuous, if stamens 3, connectives connate at base or free; anthers 1- or 2-loculed, longitudinally dehiscent; pistil 1, 1-carpelled; ovary inferior, 1-loculed; ovule 1, pendulous, orthotropous; style short or absent. Unisexual flowers: male flowers many, stamen 1; female flowers few; perianth 3-toothed, calyxlike, connate to ovary. Drupes ovoid or globose; exocarp ± fleshy; endocarp hard. Seeds containing rich endosperm and tiny embryo.

Five genera and ca. 70 species: tropical and subtropical regions; three genera and 15 species (nine endemic) in China.

The origin and distribution of the family have been discussed by Z. K. Zhou (Acta Bot. Yunnan. 15: 321-331. 1993).

Wu Kuo-fang. 1982. Chloranthaceae. In: Tseng Yung-chien, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 20(1): 77-97.

1 Flowers unisexual, female flowers with a 3-toothed, cupular perianth connate to ovary; male flowers with 1 stamen   3 Hedyosmum
+ Flowers bisexual, perianth absent; stamens 1 or 3, inserted on 1 side of ovary.   (2)
2 (1) Stamen 1, baculate or ovoid, anthers 2-, rarely 3-loculed; subshrubs   1 Sarcandra
+ Stamens (1 or)3, base ± connate, central anther 2-loculed, lateral anthers 1-loculed; perennial herbs or subshrubs   2 Chloranthus

Lower Taxa


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