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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae

14. Asyneuma Grisebach & Schenk, Arch. Naturgesch. 18: 335. 1852.

牧根草属 mu gen cao shu

Authors: Deyuan Hong & Thomas G. Lammers

Phyteuma Linnaeus sect. Podanthum G. Don; Podanthum (G. Don) Boissier, nom. superfl.; Trachanthelium Kitaibel ex Schur.

Herbs, perennial. Roots carrot-shaped. Leaves alternate. Inflorescence elongate, spikelike or racemelike, comprising several axillary cymes, each composed of (1 or)2-4 flowers and subtended by a bract; pedicels short, with a pair of linear bracteoles at base. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes linear (at least in Chinese species). Corolla 5-divided to base; lobes almost free, linear. Stamens 5; filaments dilated at base, margin densely ciliate. Ovary inferior, 3-locular; style nearly as long as corolla, hairy above; stigma 3-fid, segments linear, recurved. Capsule 3-poricidal above middle, 10-ribbed. Seeds ovoid, ellipsoid, or oblong, sometimes angular.

Thirty-three species: N Africa, temperate Asia, Europe; three species (one endemic) in China.

1 Stems hirsute throughout; leaves white hirsute on both surfaces; calyx lobes often recurved after anthesis.   3 A. chinense
+ Stems glabrous or sometimes sparsely hirsute only below; leaves glabrous or rarely sparsely hirsute along veins; calyx lobes not recurved   (2)
2 (1) Style longer than corolla; capsule globose.   1 A. japonicum
+ Style shorter than corolla; capsule obovoid-conical, base acute or acuminate.   2 A. fulgens

Lower Taxa


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