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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae

15. Baccaurea Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 661. 1790.

木奶果属 mu nai guo shu

Authors: Bingtao Li & Michael G. Gilbert

Gatnaia Gagnepain; Pierardia Roxburgh ex Jack.

Trees or shrubs, dioecious; indumentum of simple hairs. Leaves alternate, usually clustered apically; stipules caducous; leaf blade simple, margin entire or crenate-serrate, venation pinnate. Inflorescences axillary, often cauliflorous, compound spikelike or racemelike panicles, pendent, many flowered. Male flowers: sepals 4-8, usually unequal, imbricate; petals absent; disk absent or obscurely glandular and between stamens (sometimes interpreted as staminodes); stamens 4-8, as long as or longer than sepals; filaments free; anthers 2-locular, introrse or extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode usually enlarged at apex, depressed and bifid, usually pubescent. Female flowers: sepals 4-8, larger than male, pubescent on both surfaces; petals absent; disk absent; ovary shorter than sepals, 2- or 3(-5)-locular; ovules 2 per locule; styles 2-5, very short. Fruit a berry or tardily loculicidally dehiscent fleshy capsule, ovoid, fusiform, or globose. Seeds enclosed by fleshy edible aril; endosperm fleshy or thick; embryo curved; cotyledon broad and flattened.

About 80 species: Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam; Pacific islands; two species (one introduced) in China.

1 Leaf blade obovate-oblong, oblanceolate, or oblong, 9-15 cm, base cuneate, abaxially glabrous, lateral veins 5-7 pairs, petiole 3-5 cm.   1 B. ramiflora
+ Leaf blade elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 20-35 cm, base rounded or shallowly cordate, abaxially pubescent, lateral veins 12-16 pairs, petiole 5-10 cm.   2 B. motleyana

Lower Taxa


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