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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 8 | Brassicaceae

96. Braya Sternberg & Hoppe, Denkschr. Königl.-Baier. Bot. Ges. Regensburg. 1: 65. 1815.

肉叶荠属 rou ye ji shu

Braya scharnhorstii

Credit: Photo: Al-Shehbaz

Platypetalum R. Brown.

Herbs perennial with simple or many-branched caudices, sometimes forming cushions. Trichomes simple or forked. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, entire or dentate, rarely pinnately lobed, petiolar base persistent. Cauline leaves absent, rarely few, sessile or nearly so, not auriculate, entire or rarely dentate. Racemes ebracteate or only lowermost flowers bracteate, elongated or not in fruit. Fruiting pedicels erect or divaricate. Sepals ovate or oblong, caducous or persistent, erect, base of lateral pair not saccate, margin membranous. Petals white, pink, or purple, rarely yellow, longer than sepals; blade obovate or oblanceolate, apex obtuse or rounded; claw shorter than sepals. Stamens 6, tetradynamous; filaments dilated at base; anthers ovate or oblong, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands 4, 1 on each side of lateral stamen; median glands absent. Ovules 4-26 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques or silicles, linear, oblong, ovoid, or lanceolate, terete or slightly latiseptate, sessile; valves with a distinct midvein, glabrous or pubescent, smooth or torulose; replum rounded; septum complete, membranous, translucent; style obsolete or to 1 mm; stigma capitate, entire or slightly 2-lobed. Seeds uniseriate or rarely biseriate, wingless, oblong or ovoid, plump; seed coat minutely reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons incumbent.

Six polymorphic species: alpine, subarctic, or temperate regions of Asia, Europe, and North America; three species in China.

Braya siliquosa Bunge (from Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia) was recorded from Qinghai and Yunnan in FRPS, Fl. Qinghai. (1: 501. 1997), and Fl. Yunnan. (6: 117. 1995), but these records are based on misidentified plants of Neotorularia humilis.


1 Petals yellow; inflorescence basally bracteate   1 B. scharnhorstii
+ Petals white, lavender, or purple; inflorescence ebracteate.   (2)
       
2 (1) Caudex extensively branched, densely covered with persistent petioles; trichomes exclusively simple; fruit hardly longer than sepals   2 B. forrestii
+ Caudex few branched or simple, often with few or no petiolar remains; at least some trichomes forked; fruit often longer than sepals   3 B. rosea

Lower Taxa


 

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