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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Anacardiaceae

1. Buchanania Sprengel, J. Bot. (Schrader). 1800(2): 234. 1802.

山檨子属 shan xian zi shu

Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple, spirally inserted; leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescence paniculate, terminal or axillary. Flowers small, bisexual, 5-merous, white, fragrant, sessile to shortly pedicellate. Calyx small, with 4-6 rounded lobes. Petals imbricate in bud. Stamens 2 × as many as petals; anthers lanceolate to oblong, often sagittate. Disk intrastaminal, cupular, sulcate to crenulate. Carpels 4-6 free, usually only 1 fertile; ovary 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style short; stigma capitate. Drupe with a thick woody endocarp. Seed testa not adnate to endocarp.

About 25 species: tropical Asia ranging through India to Samoa; four species (one endemic) in China.

1 Inflorescence glabrous.   1 B. yunnanensis
+ Inflorescence minutely pubescent to tomentose   (2)
2 (1) Leaf blade glabrous; anthers sagittate.   2 B. arborescens
+ Leaf blade with ferruginous hairs on both sides; anthers oblong   (3)
3 (2) Leaf blade oblong-elliptic, 12-24 × 6-10 cm, covered with long hairs; calyx lobes lanceolate.   3 B. latifolia
+ Leaf blade obovate, 4-12 × 2-5 cm, with minutely pubescent midrib; calyx lobes ovate.   4 B. microphylla

Lower Taxa


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