All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 19 Page 370, 433 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Acanthaceae

11. Echinacanthus Nees in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 75, 90. 1832.

恋岩花属 lian yan hua shu

Authors: Jia-qi Hu & Thomas F. Daniel

Shrubs or perennial herbs. Leaves opposite; leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, branched cymes; bracts narrow to subleaflike; bracteoles inconspicuous or absent. Calyx often gland-tipped hairy, deeply 5-lobed; lobes equal or subequal. Corolla purple or yellow, funnel-shaped to campanulate; tube ventricose; limb 5-lobed; lobes subequal, contorted in bud. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments connate at base into 2 pairs; anthers 2-thecous; thecae parallel, hirsute, spurred at base. Ovary with 4-8 ovules per locule; stigma 2-lobed, one lobe reduced. Capsule linear-cylindric to linear-oblong, 8-16-seeded; retinacula present. Seeds subovate in outline, compressed, covered with hygroscopic trichomes.

Four species: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Vietnam; three species (two endemic) in China.

1 Herbs to 20 cm tall.   1 E. longipes
+ Subshrubs or shrubs more than 50 cm tall   (2)
2 (1) Corolla purple, 2-2.5 cm, outside glabrous; anther thecae each with 2 basal spurs.   2 E. longzhouensis
+ Corolla yellow, ca. 4 cm, outside pubescent; anther thecae each with 1 basal spur.   3 E. lofouensis

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  
  • Echinacanthus (PDF)
  • PDF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |