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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Loganiaceae

5. Gardneria Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 1: 400. 1820.

蓬莱葛属 peng lai ge shu

Li Ping-tao; Michael G. Gilbert

Pseudogardneria Raciborski.

Shrubs, scandent, mostly climbing or creeping. Branchlets terete, sometimes with 4 faint ridges. Leaves opposite, petiolate, connected by interpetiolar stipular rims; leaf blade margin entire. Flowers axillary, solitary, paired, or in cymes, when in cymes usually few-flowered but sometimes grouped into a thyrse; bracteoles small, narrowly triangular. Flowers 4- or 5-merous. Calyx small, deeply lobed; lobes imbricate, connate, inside with colleters at base. Corolla rotate to subcampanulate; tube thin, fleshy; lobes thin to thick, fleshy, valvate in bud. Stamens exserted; filaments very short, flat; anthers 2- or 4-locular, connate or free, base 2-parted, introrse. Ovary small, 2-locular, with 1--4 ovules per locule. Style mostly long, slender; stigma capitate or 2-cleft. Berries red, globose, 1-seeded or more. Seeds ellipsoid to orbicular, concave on hilar side but convex on other side; seed coat thin; embryo tiny, almost cylindrical; endosperm thick, horny.

Five species: E and SE Asia; five species in China.

1 Flowers 4-merous.   (2)
+ Flowers 5-merous.   (3)
2 (1) Flowers in pedunculate cymes or thyrses; anthers connate   4 Gardneria ovata
+ Flowers solitary or paired, sometimes in lax cymes; anthers free   5 Gardneria angustifolia
3 (1) Flowers in pedunculate cymes   1 Gardneria multiflora
+ Flowers solitary or paired.   (4)
4 (3) Anthers free   2 Gardneria nutans
+ Anthers connate   3 Gardneria lanceolata

Lower Taxa


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