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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Arecaceae

10. Livistona R. Brown, Prodr. 267. 1810.

蒲葵属 pu kui shu

Saribus Blume; Wissmannia Burret.

Stems solitary, often large and stout, usually rough with persistent leaf bases. Leaves 10-60, palmate or costapalmate, usually forming a dense crown; dead leaves often persisting as a skirt below crown; leaf sheaths open and often very fibrous, forming a mass of reddish brown, interwoven fibers; petioles spiny on margins, younger plants with more spines than older ones; hastula present; blades green or variously waxy or dull green, divided to ca. 1/2 their length or almost to base into many segments, these again split and sometimes pendulous at apices. Inflorescences borne among leaves, branched up to 5 orders, rarely an inflorescence consisting of 3 separate but equal branches arising from same prophyll; inflorescences covered with many sheathing bracts; flowers usually borne in small groups, bisexual with 6 stamens and 3 carpels; rarely plants functionally dioecious. Fruits bluish or variously colored, globose to ellipsoid, 1-seeded, usually borne on short stalks; endosperm homogeneous, with an irregular intrusion of seed coat; germination remote; eophylls undivided and lanceolate.

Thirty-three species: from NE Africa and India to Australia, New Guinea, the Pacific islands (Solomon Islands), north to the Philippines, China, and Japan; three species in China.

1 Leaf blade segments stiff at apices.   1 L. jenkinsiana
+ Leaf blade segments pendulous at apices   (2)
2 (1) Leaf blades deeply and irregularly divided almost to base into groups of segments.   2 L. saribus
+ Leaf blades regularly divided ca. halfway, segments not in groups.   3 L. chinensis

Lower Taxa


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